New HIV preventative pill causes big debate This summer, the gay social networking app Grindr caught some criticism for asking in a user survey “What is your current HIV status? Given that this has not been a part of our profile options to date, we are surveying users to determine both their desire to share this information, and ways to prevent stigma and provide proper support,” the statement said. He got the images from a colleague, he said, and called the filter a “digital quarantine. People already have the ability to disclose their status in their profile text, if they choose to do so. More harm than good? Although an HIV filter could have the benefit of letting HIV-positive people meet others — avoiding potentially awkward and stigmatizing conversations — it also could have a dark side: Eric Schrimshaw , associate professor of sociomedical sciences at Columbia University. Some states have laws that mandate the disclosure of HIV status prior to any kind of sexual activity. But for some, a dating app filter could lead HIV-negative people to think that the filtered matches consist of only HIV-negative people, he said.
Against All Odds: What Are Your Chances of Getting HIV in These Scenarios
What Does It Really Mean? An HIV-positive person discussing their “undetectable” viral load means that they have been tested, are on treatment and are open and honest about their HIV status. The idea that the term is only used to lure unsuspecting prey into high-risk sexual acts is stigmatizing and criminalizing. Those involved in HIV advocacy certainly have strong opinions on how the term that refers to an HIV-positive person’s undetectable viral load should be used and who is using it incorrectly.
HIV prevention might refer to practices done to prevent the spread of HIV/ prevention practices may be done by individuals to protect “their own health” and the health of those in their community, or may be instituted by governments or other organizations as “public health policies”.
Since this article was published in , there have been many exciting developments in research on viral suppression and treatment as prevention. We now have substantial evidence that people living with HIV who maintain an undetectable viral load to not transmit HIV to sex partners. HIV hijacks cells in your immune system and uses them to replicate make more copies of itself , destroying those cells in the process.
Viral load refers to how many copies of HIV are present in a milliliter sample of blood. Viral load testing is a way to estimate how much HIV is in the blood. It is used to monitor immune function and see how well HIV treatment is working. These drugs thereby decrease viral load. Reaching an undetectable viral load is a key goal of ART.
Good News You can live a healthier and longer life. Less HIV means less damage to your immune system, allowing you to stay healthier and live longer.
Calculating Your Risk for HIV Infection
A complex combination of factors can impact youth health outcomes. LGB youth are at greater risk for depression, suicide, substance use, and sexual behaviors that can place them at increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases STDs. For example, research has shown that in schools with LGB support groups such as gay-straight alliances , LGB students were less likely to experience threats of violence, miss school because they felt unsafe, or attempt suicide than those students in schools without LGB support groups.
Parental rejection has been linked to depression, use of drugs and alcohol, and risky sexual behavior among teens.
May 28, · An HIV-positive person discussing their “undetectable” viral load means that they have been tested, are on treatment and are open and honest about their HIV status.
Design Cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting 70 villages clusters in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Participants men and women aged years, who were mostly attending schools. Intervention Stepping Stones, a 50 hour programme, aims to improve sexual health by using participatory learning approaches to build knowledge, risk awareness, and communication skills and to stimulate critical reflection.
Villages were randomised to receive either this or a three hour intervention on HIV and safer sex. Main outcome measures Primary outcome measure:
HIV Test Philippines HIV Testing, Treatment in Philippines
What happens after an HIV test and getting the results? Encouraging yourself to have an HIV test is often the hardest step to take, but it is usually not as bad as you imagine. We look at some of the major questions that people ask about what happens after an HIV test. How do I get my results? Before your test, the tester should explain how you will get your test results.
Consistently used condoms provide significant protection against HIV, pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The degree of protection they offer against HIV and STIs is significantly better than any other single prevention method, taken in isolation, other than sexual abstinence or complete mutual monogamy between two people who have tested negative for HIV.
He connected with Tiger because he was “gorgeous, he had great legs, and he was well-endowed. Louis suburb of St. Charles quickly recognized that in real life, Tiger Mandingo was also a student at his school: Michael Johnson, a recent transfer student on Lindenwood’s wrestling team. They hooked up later that month in Johnson’s dorm room, where, the student said, Johnson told him he was “clean.
Johnson invited him to go out sometime, but the student got busy and “didn’t have time for that. This time, they had anal sex without a condom. He wanted bareback sex, he said, because Johnson was “huge,” “only my third black guy,” and — as he said Johnson told him yet again — “clean. I mean, I don’t just let anybody do it.
What happens after an HIV test and getting the results
Clearly, people of color are inordinately affected by this disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide the following graphs of the number of virions per milliliter as a function of time for each of the three groups. For more about these graphs, see the next section.
Effects on Education and Mental Health. Exposure to violence can have negative effects on the education and health of any young person and may account for some of the health-related disparities between LGB and heterosexual youth. According to the YRBS, LGB students were % (12% v. 5%) more likely to not go to school at least one day during the 30 days prior to the survey because .
Although the underlying ideas and messages in this article remain relevant, much HIV prevention research has been published since , notably about there being effectively no risk of transmitting the virus if you are HIV positive and undetectable a. Can you get HIV from oral sex? Americans really want to know their HIV risk during fellatio—even more so than during anal sex. Sure, you can Google the subject, but the results may further confuse and scare you. Numbers seem less abstract, more specific.
But do they give us a better understanding of HIV risk and sexual health? Probabilities of HIV transmission per exposure to the virus are usually expressed in percentages or as odds see chart at the end of this article.
What Does It Really Mean? Those involved in HIV advocacy certainly have strong opinions on how the term that refers to an HIV-positive person’s undetectable viral load should be used and who is using it incorrectly. Some herald the term as a badge of honor worn by those who are compliant with their treatment and open about their HIV status, while others would scold the same group of people for using the term as an excuse to engage in unsafe sexual behavior.
Either way, oversimplified accolades and mud-slinging morality judgments have no place in a conversation about HIV stigma, prevention and the term that is a result of compliance with medication. With many gay men still unclear about what being “undetectable” truly constitutes, how do we get to a place where we can discuss what it means and doesn’t mean without all of us looking dirty in the end?
FAST FACTS • If your result is negative, you can stop worrying – but it’s good to keep testing regularly. • If your result is positive or ‘reactive’, you will need to give .
Links Introduction Many adolescents engage in sexual intercourse with multiple partners and without condoms. Among sexually experienced people, adolescents aged 15 to 19 years have some of the highest reported rates of STDs. In addition, particular groups of adolescents eg, males who have sex with males, injection drug users, and teens who have sex for drugs engage in even greater risk-taking behavior.
Some of these programs have been effective at changing behavior, while others have not. This chapter presents data on adolescent sexual risk-taking behavior, reviews the studies measuring the impact of adolescent prevention programs, and identifies common characteristics of programs that have been effective in reducing sexual risk-taking behavior.
It recommends a that these effective school and community programs be implemented more broadly, b that promising clinic programs and comprehensive community-wide campaigns be replicated and evaluated, and c that additional programs focusing on high-risk youth be implemented and evaluated. Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior In many countries throughout the world, sexually transmitted disease and unplanned pregnancy have always occurred among adolescents.
However, during the last century, and especially during the last few decades of that century, the onset of puberty and initiation of sexual intercourse occurred at decreasing ages in many industrialized countries, whereas the average age of marriage increased. Thus, many adolescents began having sexual intercourse with multiple sexual partners prior to marriage, and this, of course, facilitated STD and HIV transmission.
In many countries, a significant proportion of young people initiate sexual activity by age Among students in grades across the U.